Rom 16:1-16 "I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea; 2 that you receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and that you help her in whatever matter she may have need of you; for she herself has also been a helper of many, and of myself as well. 3 Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, 4 who for my life risked their own necks, to whom not only do I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles; 5 also greet the church that is in their house. Greet Epaenetus, my beloved, who is the first convert to Christ from Asia. 6 Greet Mary, who has worked hard for you. 7 Greet Andronicus and Junias, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners, who are outstanding among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. 8 Greet Ampliatus, my beloved in the Lord. 9 Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and Stachys my beloved. 10 Greet Apelles, the approved in Christ. Greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus. 11 Greet Herodion, my kinsman. Greet those of the household of Narcissus, who are in the Lord. 12 Greet Tryphaena and Tryphosa, workers in the Lord. Greet Persis the beloved, who has worked hard in the Lord. 13 Greet Rufus, a choice man in the Lord, also his mother and mine. 14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas and the brethren with them. 15 Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. 16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you." 1. Females • Out of 26 people mentioned 9 are females: Phoebe (1) Priscilla (3), Mary (6), Junia (7), Tryphena and Tryphosa, who may have been twin sisters, (12), Rufus’ mother (13), Julia and Nereus’ sister (15). a. There are at least three things we know about women in early Christianity. 1. women made up a significant part of the early Christian church (note the list above); 2. women were given the same access to God that men enjoyed 3. women engaged in significant ministry . 2. Paul’s relatives Andronicus and Junias (v.7); Herodian (v.11) and Jason and Sosipater (21) are all called kinsman of Paul. • 1 Cor 7:14 – For the unbelieving husband is sanctified through his wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified through her believing husband; for otherwise your children are unclean, but now they are holy. • Acts 16:30 –They said, “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household.” 3. Slaves • Ampliatus (8), Urbanus (9), Hermes (14), Philologus and Julia (15) were common names for slaves. • Gal 3:26-28 – For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 4. Aristocratsa. • Apelles, household of Aristobulus mentioned (10) was the grandson of Herod the Great and friend of the Emperor Claudius, Narcissus (11) was a rich and powerful freedman who exercised great influence on Emperor Claudius. Possibly his secretary. 5. Rufus • Mark 15:21 – They pressed into service a passer-by coming from the country, Simon of Cyrene (the father of Alexander and Rufus), to bear His cross. 6. These names reveal the following a. That the power of the gospel reached all different kinds of people. b. That the gospel brought unity among people where their lives would have never crossed. c. That the gospel ministry was carried out by many people from all walks of life.
Good and Faithful Servants
Sunday Series: Romans
October 14, 2018 • Pastor Peter Kim
Summary of the Gospel, Part 2
December 9, 2018 • Pastor Peter Kim
Rom 16:25-27 "Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which has been kept secret for long ages past, 26 but now is manifested, and by the Scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, has been made known to all the nations, leading to obedience of faith; 27 to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ, be the glory forever. Amen" (Part 1 - see 12/2/2018 sermon) 1. The gospel is demonstration of God’s power 2. The gospel is Jesus (Part 2) 3. The gospel is a mystery revealed. • Matt 13:10-11 – 10 And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?” 11 Jesus answered them, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted. • Rom 11:25 – For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery — so that you will not be wise in your own estimation — that a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in; • 2 Cor 3:14-18 – 14 But their minds were hardened; for until this very day at the reading of the old covenant the same veil remains unlifted, because it is removed in Christ.15 But to this day whenever Moses is read, a veil lies over their heart;16 but whenever a person turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. 18 But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as from the Lord, the Spirit. • 1 Cor 2:6-10 – Yet we do speak wisdom among those who are mature; a wisdom, however, not of this age nor of the rulers of this age, who are passing away; 7 but we speak God’s wisdom in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God predestined before the ages to our glory; 8 the wisdom which none of the rulers of this age has understood; for if they had understood it they would not have crucified the Lord of glory; 9 but just as it is written, “THINGS WHICH EYE HAS NOT SEEN AND EAR HAS NOT HEARD, AND which HAVE NOT ENTERED THE HEART OF MAN, ALL THAT GOD HAS PREPARED FOR THOSE WHO LOVE HIM.”10 For to us God revealed them through the Spirit; for the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God. • 1 Peter 1:10-11 – 10 As to this salvation, the prophets who prophesied of the grace that would come to you made careful searches and inquiries, 11 seeking to know what person or time the Spirit of Christ within them was indicating as He predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow. • Col 2:2-3 – 2 that their hearts may be encouraged, having been knit together in love, and attaining to all the wealth that comes from the full assurance of understanding, resulting in a true knowledge of God’s mystery, that is, Christ Himself, 3 in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge. • C.S. Lewis: “I believe in Christianity as I believe the sun has risen; not only because I see it, but because by it I see everything else.” • 2 Tim 3:7 – always learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth. • Jeremiah 29:13 – ‘You will seek Me and find Me when you search for Me with all your heart. • Heb 1:1-2 – God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, 2 in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world. • John 14:26 – “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you. • 1 Peter 2:2-3 – like newborn babies, long for the pure milk of the word, so that by it you may grow in respect to salvation, 3 if you have tasted the kindness of the Lord. 4. The gospel is a mystery to be preached. • Rom 10:17 – So faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ. • 1 Cor 1:21 – For since in the wisdom of God the world through its wisdom did not come to know God, God was well-pleased through the foolishness of the message preached to save those who believe 5. The gospel is a mystery to be obeyed. • John 6:26-30 – 26 Jesus answered them and said, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you seek Me, not because you saw signs, but because you ate of the loaves and were filled. 27 “Do not work for the food which perishes, but for the food which endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give to you, for on Him the Father, God, has set His seal.” 28 Therefore they said to Him, “What shall we do, so that we may work the works of God?” 29 Jesus answered and said to them, “This is the work of God,that you believe in Him whom He has sent.” • Rom 1:5 – through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faithamong all the Gentiles for His name’s sake, • Matt. 28:20 – Teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you…. • 1 Tim 3:16 – By common confession, great is the mystery of godliness: He who was revealed in the flesh, Was vindicated in the Spirit, Seen by angels, Proclaimed among the nations, Believed on in the world, Taken up in glory.
Summary of the Gospel, Part 1
December 2, 2018 • Pastor Peter Kim
Romans 16:25-27 "Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which has been kept secret for long ages past, 26 but now is manifested, and by the Scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, has been made known to all the nations, leading to obedience of faith; 27 to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ, be the glory forever. Amen." * * * 1. The gospel is the outworking of God’s power 2. The gospel is Jesus 3. The gospel is the mystery revealed 4. The gospel is the mystery to be preached 5. The gospel is the mystery to be obeyed * * * 1. The gospel is the outworking of God’s power. a. God has power to save us. • Rom 1:16 – For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. • Matt 9:2-5 – 2 And they brought to Him a paralytic lying on a bed. Seeing their faith, Jesus said to the paralytic, “Take courage, son; your sins are forgiven.” 3 And some of the scribes said to themselves, “This fellow blasphemes.” 4 And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, “Why are you thinking evil in your hearts? 5 “Which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up, and walk’? b. God has power to sustain us. • 2 Cor 9:8 – And God is able to make all grace abound to you, so that always having all sufficiency in everything, you may have an abundance for every good deed; • Eph 3:16-20 – 16 that He would grant you, according to the riches of His glory, to be strengthened with power through His Spirit in the inner man, 17 so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith; and that you, being rooted and grounded in love, 18 may be able to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth, 19 and to know the love of Christ which surpasses knowledge, that you may be filled up to all the fullness of God. 20 Now to Him who is able to do far more abundantly beyond all that we ask or think, according to the power that works within us, • 2 Tim 1:12 – For this reason I also suffer these things, but I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed and I am convinced that He is able to guard what I have entrusted to Him until that day. • Phil 1:6 – For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus. • Jude 24-25 – 24 Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory blameless with great joy, 25 to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen. 2. Jesus is the gospel • Col 1:16 – For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities — all things have been created through Him and for Him. • 1 Peter 3:18 – For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God • 1 John 5:11-12 – 11 And the testimony is this, that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. 12 He who has the Son has the life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have the life. • 1 Cor 1:22-24 – 22 For indeed Jews ask for signs and Greeks search for wisdom; 23 but we preach Christ crucified, to Jews a stumbling block and to Gentiles foolishness, 24 but to those who are the called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. a. Jesus is AM i. I am the bread of life (John 6:35) ii. I am the light of the world (John 8:12) iii. I am the door of the sheep (John 10:7) iv. I am the good shepherd (John 10:11) v. I am the resurrection and the life (John 11:25) vi. I am the way, the truth and the life (John 14:6) vii. I am the true vine (John 15:1) • Rev. 21:6 —…God is the “Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end.” • Rev 1:8 – “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”
Spectacular Goals Through Ordinary Means
November 25, 2018 • Pastor Peter Kim
Rom 16:21-24 "Timothy my fellow worker greets you, and so do Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my kinsmen. 22 I, Tertius, who write this letter, greet you in the Lord. 23 Gaius, host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Erastus, the city treasurer greets you, and Quartus, the brother. 24 [The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.] A. God used average ordinary people who were faithful to spread the gospel. a. He was young • 1 Tim 4:12 – Let no one look down on your youthfulness, but rather in speech, conduct, love, faith and purity, show yourself an example of those who believe. b. He is timid • 2 Tim 1:7 – For God has not given us a spirit of timidity, but of power and love and discipline. c. He was sickly • 1 Tim 5:23 – No longer drink water exclusively, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments. • 1 Cor 16:10-11 – Now if Timothy comes, see that he is with you without cause to be afraid, for he is doing the Lord’s work, as I also am. 11 So let no one despise him. But send him on his way in peace, so that he may come to me; for I expect him with the brethren. d. But Timothy was faithful • 1 Cor 4:17 – For this reason I have sent to you Timothy, who is my beloved and faithful child in the Lord, and he will remind you of my ways which are in Christ, just as I teach everywhere in every church. • Phil 2:19-23 – I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you soon, so that I too may be cheered by news of you. 20 For I have no one like him, who will be genuinely concerned for your welfare. 21 They all seek their own interests, not those of Jesus Christ. 22 But you know Timothy’s proven worth, how as a son with a father he has served with me in the gospel. 23 I hope therefore to send him just as soon as I see how it will go with me • 2 Tim 4:9-11 – Make every effort to come to me soon;10 for Demas, having loved this present world, has deserted me and gone to Thessalonica; Crescens has gone to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia. 11 Only Luke is with me. Pick up Markand bring him with you, for he is useful to me for service. B. God used seemingly difficult circumstances to produce great fruit. 1. Jason was from Thessalonica. (Acts 17:2-9) 2. Sopater was from Berea. (Acts 20:4) 3. Gaius and Erastus and Quartus was from Corinth. • Acts 18:9-10 – And the Lord said to Paul in the night by a vision, “Do not be afraid any longer, but go on speaking and do not be silent; 10 for I am with you, and no man will attack you in order to harm you, for I have many people in this city.” • 1 Cor 2:1-3 –And when I came to you, brethren, I did not come with superiority of speech or of wisdom, proclaiming to you the testimony of God. 2 For I determined to know nothing among you except Jesus Christ, and Him crucified. 3 I was with you in weakness and in fear and in much trembling, • John 20:28-29 – Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” 29 Jesus said to him, “Because you have seen Me, have you believed? Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed.”